More than half of the world’s sunflowers and seeds are grown in Russia and Ukraine, according to the United Nations.
Africa imported wheat from the two countries worth $5.1 billion between 2018 and 2020, according to UNCTAD estimates.
The drought, the coronavirus pandemic, and the Russia-Ukraine conflict have all contributed to an increase in the cost of basic necessities for African families.
Some African countries could be adversely affected by the conflict in Ukraine, which could put their economies at risk and put their governments under diplomatic pressure to support one side or the other.
This is a three-dimensional catastrophe, which includes a food and energy crisis as well as an economic one, “supercharging” it, says UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres in a study.
To put it another way, the World Bank’s analysis says that 2022 could be the second-worst year for progress in decreasing extreme poverty this century, after 2020, when there was an actual increase in global poverty.
In What Ways Will the War Affect Africans?
It’s been more than two years since oil prices broke the $100 per barrel mark.
Even if the budgets of oil-producing nations like Nigeria and Angola would benefit from higher prices, transportation costs will undoubtedly rise for Africans as a whole. As a result, the prices of practically all other things will rise.
In Africa, Kenya is one of the countries affected by a rise in global food prices.
Job Wanjohi, the Kenya Association of Manufacturers’ head of policy research and advocacy, claims that the cost of bringing wheat into the country has grown by 33%.
Researchers fear the conflict in Ukraine would worsen food insecurity for certain Africans already facing scarcity due to the conflict there. In the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, most African countries rely on wheat and vegetable oil imported from Ukraine and Russia.
Since Kenya is strongly dependent on Russia and Ukraine for its supply of wheat, the price has risen to $460 per tonne.” The landing cost at Nairobi is expected to rise from $500 to $550 per tonne, up from the previous $345 per tonne. As a result, the conflict between Russia and Ukraine is worsening the country’s food security crisis, according to Wanjoh.
How to Overcome the Crisis:
The African governments, according to Kamalingin, don’t spend enough money in their areas.
Oxfam International’s Pan African Director, Peter Kamalingin, claims that Africa is more vulnerable to food insecurity than any other region in the world.
Relying on the global food chain puts you at risk for the foreseeable future. “- Making small farmers more resilient and providing them with technology that is tailored to their requirements is what Oxfam has recommended.
Our agricultural products and extension services and our national budget investment have not been focused on small food producers, who are still the most vital. According to this expert, securing one’s food supply is crucial for maintaining national security.
At least 40 million farmers might benefit from the African Development Bank Group’s strategy to improve their yields of heat-tolerant wheat types, rice, soybeans, and other crops to feed nearly 200 million people; Dr. Akinwumi Adesina stated in an interview.
If ever there was a time for Africa to increase food production substantially, it is now, the president of the Bank Group stated.