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Most people think that violence is just a physical attack, but it exists in many forms. Workplace harassment in Nigeria is a serious issue that affects people’s mental health and their job. Harassment can happen to any gender, whether male or female. It may occur in different ways, such as verbal harassment, written or physical. It also includes insulting your co-worker or your junior employee.

A log of Nigerian women and men faced workplace harassment. Using abusive language at your workplace is also considered harassment as it disturbs the professional employee’s work performance. Hundreds of experts said that if mental health issues are not treated, it could lead to more severe health issues that include depression and suicide.

Types of Abuses:

There are multiple kinds of abusive conditions. According to international labour organization (ILO) convention No. 190, abuse can be physical, verbal, emotional, financial, and psychological. Furthermore, the history of reported cases is the mix of harassment done by men against women and vice versa.

Other than this, the two significant categories of violence are domestic violence and intimate partner violence. Therefore, the Nigerian constitution prohibits a foreign person from becoming a husband of a Nigerian woman in order to stop domestic violence against women in Nigeria. Likewise, the labour act does not allow women to work at night. These actions increase women’s safety and security and encourage the protection of the Nigerian people.

How To Identify Harassment:

There is no particular definition of workplace bullying. You can identify it if you are targeted by the negative behaviour of your seniors, male or female workers. Still, you will face problems because sometimes people cover up their harassment behaviour by saying that it was just a part of my personality or part of their job. They will make you feel that you are thinking too negatively. Here are some of the types of harassment that can occur to anyone.

Defamation through phone, emails, or in-person as well. It affects mental health.

To make someone inferior or less important is also considered bullying.

Spreading rumours:
Some people do this to gain popularity or attention.

Rude behaviour:
Aggressive and rude is also a form of harassment. Shouting at someone in a workplace is unacceptable.

Making you fail:
If you are doing your work perfectly but the other person keeps saying that you are not correct, calling you a failure is also harassment.

Steps Taken to Reduce Harassment:

The Nigerian government is concerned about the safety of its citizens. To overcome the security issue, a number of bills came into existence. Moreover, section 24 of sexual harassment is added—also the purpose of introducing Convention 190 to secure the right of every individual. The federal government of Nigeria is also taking the initiative to create the safest workplace within the country.

Take Legal Action:

In case your company is not taking any action against this incident, you should take legal help. It is imperative to address this problem. Nigerian police, Human rights association and National agreed to sign a protection contract. Contact the country’s helplines for further assistance. And if you feel that someone is in trouble, try to talk with them, find out and make them aware of their rights and tell them what action they can take through these platforms. Do make the authorities know about that and report your issue legally to the potential department of Nigeria.

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